Advancing Leadership in Science & Technology
CSSP Elects New Officers

 

NEW OFFICERS ELECTED TO CSSP BOARD

WASHINGTON, DC. – The Council of Scientific Society Presidents has announced that Dr. Robert E. Barsley has been elected Chair of the Executive Committee, effective January 1, 2017. Dr. Barsley is a professor in the Department of Diagnostic Sciences and director of Oral Health Resources and Community and Hospital Dentistry at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences School of Dentistry in New Orleans, LA.

Dr. Barsley is a 1977 graduate of LSU School of Dentistry. In 1987, he earned a law degree from Loyola University in New Orleans and was admitted to the Louisiana bar that same year. He has been a member of the faculty for over 30 years. He is active in the field of forensic odontology and is a past-president of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. In April, he was installed as president of the Louisiana Dental Association for 2016-2017.

Dr. Barsley served two fellowships in Washington, DC – the first as a legislative fellow for the American Dental Education Association and later as a Robert Wood Johnson Congressional Health Policy Fellow in the office of Senator John Breaux (LA-Dem-ret).

A past speaker of the LDA House of Delegates and LDA Secretary/Treasurer, Dr. Barsley is also a former general chairman of the New Orleans Dental Conference and former member of the NODA Board of Governors. In 2012, he served as president of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. In 2015, he was named LSUSD Alumnus of the Year and he recently received the NODA Honor Dentist Award. Dr. Barsley has served as a consultant to numerous coroners’ offices in southern Louisiana and he is on staff at the coroner’s office in both Orleans and Jefferson Parishes. He resides in Ponchatoula, La with his wife (Gwen) and their college attending daughter.

Also elected to the Executive Committee as Chair-Elect is Dr. Deborah A. Bronk, a past president of the Association for Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography and Moses D. Nunnally Distinguished Professor of Marine Science and Department Chair in the Department of Physical Sciences at the College of William & Mary’s Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS). Dr. Bronk will serve as Chair in 2018.

She received her undergraduate degree in biology and marine science at the University of Miami, Coral Gables, and her doctorate at the University of Maryland. Prior to her move to VIMS, she was a post-doctoral scholar at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and an associate professor at the University of Georgia. Her research group has addressed a broad range of basic questions of nitrogen uptake and regeneration and applied questions including coastal eutrophication and wastewater issues. She has participated in or led over 50 research cruises to environments spanning the salinity spectrum. She is the recipient of the Lindeman Award and the Dean’s Prize for the Advancement of Women in Science.

 

The Council of Scientific Society Presidents is a unique organization representing the breadth of science and engineering research disciplines through its member societies and federations. CSSP member societies are represented by their presidents, presidents-elect, and recent past presidents of leading scientific societies and federations whose combined membership is over a million.

Founded in 1973, CSSP has served as a center for national science leadership development, a strong voice in support of science, and the premier forum for national science policy development and open, substantive exchanges on current issues encompassing the full spectrum of science, engineering, and mathematics. CSSP is committed to “Advancing Leadership in Science and Technology” and to establishing policies and programs that will ensure a bright future for 21st century science.

NSB Honorary Awards Nominations for 2017

NSB welcomes nominations for 2017 honorary awards

Awards honor contributions and public service in science and engineering

Each year, the National Science Board (NSB) pays tribute to remarkable contributions and public service in science and engineering through its Vannevar Bush and Public Service awards. NSB welcomes nominations for its 2017 honorary awards through Monday, Oct. 3, 2016.

Named after the gifted visionary and dynamic public servant who was behind the creation of the National Science Foundation (NSF), NSB’s Vannevar Bush Award honors life-long leaders who have made exceptional contributions toward the welfare of humankind and the nation through public service activities in science, technology, and public policy. Nomination instructions are available on the Vannevar Bush Award website and all recipients are listed on the NSB site.

NSB’s Public Service Award honors individuals and groups for substantial contributions to increasing public understanding of science and engineering in the United States. These contributions may be in a wide variety of areas, including mass media, social media, education, training programs and entertainment. A complete list of recipients, as well as nomination instructions, can be found on the award website.

Leaders in the higher education, scientific society and association, congressional, federal, and private industry communities celebrate the accomplishments of NSB awardees during an awards ceremony held each May.

Watch this short NSB Honorary Awards video to learn more.

Questions? Please contact NSB Communications Director Nadine Lymn, (703) 292-2490, nlymn@nsf.gov

About the National Science Board

The NSB is the policymaking body for the National Science Foundation. NSB also advises the President and Congress on science and engineering policy issues. The Board’s 24 members are drawn primarily from universities and industry and represent a variety of science and engineering disciplines. Selected for their eminence in research, education or public service and records of distinguished service, Board members serve

JOHN HOLDREN, PRESIDENT’S SCIENCE ADVISOR, WILL RECEIVE COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY’S HIGHEST HONOR

JOHN HOLDREN, PRESIDENT’S SCIENCE ADVISOR, WILL RECEIVE COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY’S HIGHEST HONOR

HoldrenAward052016

Washington, D.C.—The Council of Scientific Society Presidents (CSSP) will confer its Support of Science Award to Dr. John Holdren, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology, and Co-Chair of the President’s Council of Science and Technology Policy. This award is the highest honor CSSP confers and most recently was bestowed on President Barack Obama.

 

The award will be given at a ceremony at 6:30 p.m., on May 9, at the Carnegie Institution for Science, 1530 P Street NW. Members of the media who would like to attend should RSVP to Benjamin Barbin at bbarbin@carnegiescience.edu, (202) 939-1121.

 

The award honors an individual who merits recognition for outstanding and dedicated support of U.S. science, free scientific communication, and support of basic research. The award will be given prior to a lecture on gene editing by Dr. Jennifer Doudna, a University of California, Berkeley, pioneer in the gene editing technology known as CRISPR, and media are invited to attend the lecture sponsored by CSSP and the Kavli Foundation in collaboration with the Carnegie Institution for Science.

 

“Dr. Holdren’s seven years as science adviser to President Obama have been filled with numerous accomplishments that have advanced the U.S. and global scientific enterprise,” said Dr. Dave Penrose, chair of the CSSP Executive Board. “His work on the causes and consequences of global environmental change, energy technologies and policies, ways to reduce the dangers from nuclear weapons and materials, and science and technology policy have made the world more sustainable and a safer place.”

 

Prior to being confirmed as President Obama’s science advisor and director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy by a unanimous Senate vote on March 19, 2009, Holdren was the Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University; Director of the Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program at the School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; Professor of Environmental Science and Policy in Harvard’s Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences; and Director of the independent, non-profit Woods Hole Research Center. From 1973 to 1996, he co-led the interdisciplinary graduate program in energy and resources at the University of California, Berkeley.

 

Holdren was chair of the executive committee of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs from 1987 to 1997 and delivered the Nobel Peace Prize acceptance lecture on behalf of Pugwash Conferences in December 1995. From 1993 until 2003, he was chair of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences, and Co-Chairman of the bipartisan National Commission on Energy Policy from 2002 until 2007.

 

He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation from 1991 to 2005 and served successively as President-Elect, President, and Board Chair of the of the American Association for the Advancement of Science from 2006 to 2008. He was the founding chair of the Advisory Board for Innovations, a quarterly journal about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges published by MIT Press.

 

He is the recipient of numerous award and honors including a MacArthur Prize Fellowship in 1981, the Volvo Environment Prize in 1993 with Paul Ehrlich, the Kavli Foundation Award in Science and Environmental Policy in 1999, the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement in 2000, and the 7th Annual Heinz Award in Public Policy in 2001. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the American Philosophical Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as a foreign member of the Royal Society of London and the Indian National Academy of Engineering.

 

Holdren trained in aerospace engineering and plasma physics, earning bachelor’s and master’s degrees from MIT in 1965 and 1966 and a Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1970.

 

The Council of Scientific Society Presidents (CSSP) is one of the largest science-based leadership development/science policy organizations in the world, with about 30 scientific federations and societies whose combined membership number over 1 million scientists and science educators. CSSP’s biannual meetings attract and involve high-impact participants from the science and science policy communities, elected officials, and other science and thought leaders.

 

CONTACT: Madeleine Jacobs, President and CEO, CSSP, 202-302-4802 or jacobs@sciencepresidents.org

NSB Elects New Leadership

NSF LeadershipMay 24, 2016

For the first time in National Science Foundation (NSF) history, women hold the positions of director and National Science Board(NSB) chair, and vice chair. During its May meeting, the board, which serves as the governing body for NSF, elected Maria Zuber, vice president for research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as chair and Diane Souvaine, vice provost for research at Tufts University, as vice chair. They replace Dan Arvizu and Kelvin Droegemeier, who both rotated off the board after serving 12 years, the last four as chair and vice chair, respectively.

Zuber’s research bridges planetary geophysics and the technology of space-based laser and radio systems, and she has published over 200 papers. She has held leadership roles associated with scientific experiments or instrumentation on nine NASA missions and remains involved with six of these missions. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and American Philosophical Society and is a fellow for the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Geological Society and the American Geophysical Union. In 2002, Discover magazine named her one of the 50 most important women in science. Zuber served on the Presidential Commission on the Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy in 2004.

NSF Director and NSB member ex officio France Córdova said, “I am delighted to say, on behalf of NSF that we are thrilled with Dr. Zuber’s election as chair of the National Science Board. As a superb scientist and recognized university leader, she has the skills needed to help guide the agency’s policies and programs. I look forward to working with her as NSF launches new big ideas in science and engineering.”

Zuber is in her fourth year on the board and has served on its Committee on Strategy and Budget, which advises on NSF’s strategic direction and reviews the agency’s budget submissions.

“It is a privilege to lead the National Science Board and to promote NSF’s bold vision for research and education in science and engineering,” Zuber said. “The outcomes of discovery science inspire the next generation and yield the knowledge that drives innovation and national competitiveness, and contribute to our quality of life. NSB is committed to working with director Córdova and her talented staff to assure that the very best ideas based on merit review are supported and that exciting, emerging opportunities — many at the intersection of disciplines — are pursued.”

Souvaine is in her second term on the NSB and has served as chair of its Committee on Strategy and Budget, chair of its Committee on Programs and Plans, and as a member of its Committee on Audit and Oversight, all of which provide strategic direction, and oversight and guidance on NSF projects and programs. In addition, she co-chaired NSB’s Task Force on Mid-Scale Research and served three years on the Executive Committee.

A theoretical computer scientist, Souvaine’s research in computational geometry has commercial applications in materials engineering, microchip design, robotics and computer graphics. She was elected a fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery for her research and for her service on behalf of the computing community. A founding member, Souvaine served for over two years in the directorate of the NSF Science and Technology Center on Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science that originally spanned Princeton University, Rutgers University, Bell Labs and Bell Communications Research. She also works to enhance pre-college mathematics and foundations of computing education and to advance opportunities for women and minorities in mathematics, science and engineering.

“I am truly honored and humbled by this vote of confidence from such esteemed colleagues. I do not take this responsibility lightly,” Souvaine said. “The board is proud of NSF’s accomplishments over its 66 years, from the discovery of gravitational waves at LIGO to our biennial Science and Engineering Indicators report on the state of our nation’s science and engineering enterprise. I look forward to working with Congress, the Administration, the science and education communities, and NSF staff to continue the agency’s legacy in advancing the progress of science.”

Jointly, the 24-member board and the director pursue the goals and function of the foundation. NSB establishes NSF policies within the framework of applicable national policies set forth by the President and Congress. NSB identifies issues critical to NSF’s future, approves the agency’s strategic budget directions and the annual budget submission to the Office of Management and Budget, and new major programs and awards. The board also serves as an independent body of advisers to both the President and Congress on policy matters related to science and engineering and education in science and engineering. In addition to major reports, NSB publishes policy papers and statements on issues of importance to U.S. science and engineering.

The President appoints board members, selected for their eminence in research, education or public service and records of distinguished service and who represent a variety of science and engineering disciplines and geographic areas. Board members serve six-year terms and the President may reappoint members for a second term. NSF’s director is an ex officio 25th member of the board.

-NSF-

Media Contacts
Brandon Powell, NSB, (703) 292-2769bjpowell@nsf.gov
Kimberly Allen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, (617) 253-2702allenkc@mit.edu
Kimberly Thurler, Tufts University, (617) 627-3175kim.thurler@tufts.edu

Marcia McNutt Elected 22nd NAS President; New Treasurer, Council Members Chosen

Date: Feb. 16, 2016

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASEMarcia_McNutt

Marcia McNutt Elected 22nd NAS President; New Treasurer, Council Members Chosen

WASHINGTON — Members of the National Academy of Sciences have elected Marcia K. McNutt, editor-in-chief of the Science family of journals, as president of the Academy.  William H. Press, Warren J. and Viola M. Raymer Professor, departments of computer science and integrative biology at The University of Texas at Austin was elected treasurer, and four new members were elected to the Academy’s governing Council: Susan G. Amara, Scientific Director, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health; Fred H. Gage, Vi and John Adler Professor, Laboratory of Genetics, Salk Institute for Biological Studies; Evelyn L. Hu, Tarr-Coyne Professor of Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University; andLaura L. Kiessling, Steenbock Professor of Chemistry and Laurens Anderson Professor of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison. The terms of all those elected begin July 1.  McNutt will serve a six-year term.  The treasurer will serve four years, and the new councilors three years.

A geophysicist, McNutt earned her bachelor’s degree in physics at Colorado College and her Ph.D. in earth sciences at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego.   Her research concentration is in marine geophysics, where she has used a variety of remote sensing techniques from ships and space to probe the dynamics of the mantle and overlying plates far from plate boundaries on geologic time scales.   She is the author or co-author of more than 100 peer-reviewed articles and has made important contributions to the understanding of the rheology and strength of the lithosphere.  She has demonstrated that a deep-seated, large-scale mantle thermal anomaly has been very persistent.  It is not only producing midplate volcanoes in the island chains above its location deep beneath the central Pacific but also has produced older volcanic chains now submerged in the northwest Pacific that erupted as the Pacific plate drifted over the central Pacific over the last 100 million years.

McNutt began her faculty career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where she became the Griswold Professor of Geophysics and served as director of the Joint Program in Oceanography and Applied Ocean Science and Engineering sponsored by MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.   She later served as president and chief executive officer of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and as professor of geophysics at Stanford University.   From 2009 to 2013 she was the director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), one of the federal government’s major science agencies.   While at the USGS, she helped lead the response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, for which she was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by the U.S. Coast Guard.  She also oversaw completion of the ground station for Landsat 8, which was launched in February 2013 and continues Landsat’s 40-year record of satellite imaging of natural and human-induced changes on the global landscape.   McNutt became the 19th editor-in-chief of Science in 2013.  As editor-in-chief she led the effort to establish Science Advances, an open access, online-only offspring of Science.  The world’s largest society of earth scientists, the American Geophysical Union (AGU), awarded her the Macelwane Medal in 1988 for research accomplishments by a young scientist and the Maurice Ewing Medal in 2007 for her significant contributions to deep-sea exploration. 

McNutt is a fellow of the AGU, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Geological Society of America, and the International Association of Geodesy.  She served as president of the AGU from 2000 to 2002.   Her honors include election to the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

McNutt was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2005 and has served on more than 30 committees and boards of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.    Most recently, she chaired an expert panel that evaluated options for slowing or offsetting global climate change.  She is currently a member of the advisory committee for the Division on Earth and Life Studies and the Forum on Open Science.

McNutt succeeds Ralph J. Cicerone, who is completing his second term as president, the maximum allowed by the Academy’s bylaws.  “The Academy will be in good hands for years to come,” said Ralph Cicerone. “Marcia McNutt is an energetic, thoughtful, and respected leader.  She will be a strong advocate for the advancement of science and for its application for public benefit.” 

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology.  Members and foreign associates of the Academy are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research.  The membership includes approximately 2,300 members and 450 foreign associates, of whom more than 190 have won Nobel Prizes.  The National Academy of Sciences works with the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions.  The Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Contacts:

William Skane, Executive Director
Molly Galvin, Senior Media Officer
Office of News and Public Information

202-334-2138; e-mail <news@nas.edu>

http://national-academies.org/newsroom
Twitter: @theNASEM and @theNASciences
RSS feed: http://www.nationalacademies.org/rss/index.html

Flickr:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalacademyofsciences/sets

RESEARCH ADVOCATES UNVEIL POLICY WISH LIST FOR 2016
Sustained Funding for Research and Passage of Medical Innovation and Mental Health Legislation Among Top Priorities
Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Research!America urges Congress to take action on several research and innovation priorities in 2016 in order to combat costly and devastating diseases that are taking a toll on our nation’s health and economy. Congress should act this year to sustain robust funding for federal health agencies, advance medical innovation and mental health legislation, and permanently repeal the medical device tax.

The omnibus FY16 spending bill significantly increased funding for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and boosted funding for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF). The additional funds will support innovative projects including precision medicine, Alzheimer’s research and efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance. At least two million people in the U.S. are infected each year with bacteria resistant to antibiotics, according to the CDC. By 2050, the cost of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias is projected to rise above one-trillion dollars, and the number of people age 65 and older with Alzheimer’s may nearly triple.

The budget for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) was cut by eight percent in the spending bill, further limiting the agency’s ability to address costly errors and inefficiencies in health care delivery. Sustainable and predictable investments for AHRQ and other health agencies are critical to accelerating medical progress.

“We turned a corner in 2015 toward restoring the power of research to find solutions to what ails us; now we must ensure that robust funding will be the norm, not the exception, in the years ahead,” said Mary Woolley, president and CEO of Research!America. “We must also ensure that health services research is fully supported by elected officials so that we can continue to improve quality of health care for Americans.”

The Senate HELP committee is drafting the “Innovations for Healthier Americans Initiative,” companion legislation for the 21st Century Cures bill, which passed in the House last year. The measure aims to speed the pace in which new therapies and treatments reach patients. Research!America urges Senate action early this year on legislation that responsibly modernizes regulatory pathways for new drugs and medical devices, and includes mandatory funding for the NIH and FDA. The goal must be to enact meaningful legislation this year.

The tax extenders package signed into law last year includes a two-year suspension of the medical device tax. Repealing the tax this year will catalyze progress towards developing state-of-the-art technologies to advance the health of Americans.

Approximately 1 in 5 adults in the U.S. experiences mental illness in a given year. Policymakers should move forward without delay with legislation that increases funding for research and evidence-based treatments. More than half of Americans (54%) say public investment in mental health research is not enough, a national survey commissioned by Research!America shows. Another public health threat, gun violence, results in the death of 90 Americans each day. Research!America urges Congress to lift the federal ban on funding the CDC to support gun violence research and the development of evidence-based programs to protect citizens.

“Gun violence is a public health emergency that calls for the kind of public health solutions that researchers developed to help reduce automobile deaths and to keep us safe from other inherently dangerous hazards like swimming pools,” said Woolley. “Given the rise in mass shootings in our nation, now is the time to make long-overdue changes in public policy, including ending the ban on gun violence research.”

Other priorities that policymakers should address this year include examining the drivers of health spending in a manner that takes into account the complex interactions between different cost factors and preserves incentives for medical innovation. A plurality of Americans (44%) say cost of health care is the single most important health issue facing the nation. A holistic approach that looks at the long-term savings made possible through medical innovation can help policymakers avoid counterproductive policy changes, noted Woolley.

Credit: Research!America

ACS Publications partners with Digital Science’s Figshare to promote open data discovery and use

Contact: Michael Bernstein
202-872-6042
m_bernstein@acs.org

                  Katie Cottingham, Ph.D.
301-775-8455
k_cottingham@acs.org

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

 

ACS Publications partners with Digital Science’s Figshare to promote open data discovery and use

WASHINGTON, Nov. 4, 2015 – The Publications Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) announced today a strategic partnership with Figshare (http://figshare.com), an open repository that promotes broad discoverability of scientific research data. The ACS-Figshare partnership will not only provide for improved archiving and access to open data sets and other supporting information that often accompany articles published in the Society’s preeminent portfolio of peer-reviewed research journals, but will also better enable reader interaction with, and citation of, such ancillary information of importance to the scientific record.

An interactive widget powered by Figshare enables readers to view myriad data and other supporting information. Authors can submit information in more than 100 file formats, including video and multimedia files, tabular data and crystallographic data, to accompany their peer-reviewed articles. Open access to such supporting data within any ACS journal will be freely available to all users via the Society’s publications website (http://pubs.acs.org).

Researchers publishing with ACS also will now have a mechanism for recognition and citation of their primary research data, which is an important consideration in the context of emerging funder requirements for managing and preserving such underlying information. To aid authors in the fulfillment of these requirements, ACS is facilitating automated deposition of Supporting Information (SI) files to a secure hosting environment, free from any restrictions on size and format. In addition, ACS as publisher will assign Digital Object Identifier (known as DOI) tags to author-submitted SI files, thus enabling a mechanism for systematic citation of such research outputs. An additional benefit of the ACS-Figshare collaboration will be contributing to broader data discoverability, as the SI material will be searchable via Google and other major search engines and Web referral pathways.

“The feedback we’re hearing from authors and readers reinforces the value and the importance of the data and other supporting information published in ACS journals,” says Jonathan Morgan, director of Digital Strategy for ACS Publications. “Authors need to ensure the visibility and the openness of the data that support their original research. In parallel, our global audience of readers has voiced a need for improved and streamlined access to information that underlies the important scientific advances published by our Society. This new strategic partnership with Figshare seeks to satisfy such author and reader needs.”

“We are delighted to be working with the world’s largest scientific society to enhance the experience they provide to authors and readers as related to access and use of research data,” says Mark Hahnel, CEO of Figshare. “Chemistry is a central science that is integral to both laboratory and computational research; providing access to data and other supporting information is vital to assessing reproducibility of experimental findings and to promoting scientific research integrity. Figshare is pleased to partner with the ACS, who is at the cutting edge in providing publishing technologies and database information services for researchers in chemistry and the allied sciences.”

Figshare availability will be rolled out in the coming months across the ACS Publications portfolio of journals. Researchers can access the ACS Publications/Figshare portal at http://acs.figshare.com and preview now the interactive viewer available for an ACS Editors’ Choice open access article recently published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society at http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jacs.5b03280.

ACS Publications, a division of the American Chemical Society, is a nonprofit scholarly publisher of nearly 50 peer-reviewed journals and a range of eBooks at the interface of chemistry and allied sciences, including physics and biology. ACS Publications journals are among the most cited, most trusted and most read within the scientific literature. Respected for their editorial rigor, ACS journals offer high quality service to authors and readers, including rapid time to publication, a range of channels for researchers to access the Society’s cutting-edge Web and mobile delivery platforms, and a comprehensive program of Open Access options for authors and their funders. ACS Publications also publishes Chemical & Engineering News — the Society’s newsmagazine covering science and technology, business and industry, government and policy, education, and employment aspects of the chemistry field.

The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress. With more than 158,000 members, ACS is the world’s largest scientific society and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-reviewed journals and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.

Figshare is the research data management tool for researchers, academic institutions and publishers. The platform allows any file format to be presented and visualized in a customized browser so that illustrative figures, data and other file sets, diverse audio visual media, papers, posters and presentations can be disseminated in a way that complements traditional scholarly publishing technologies. Figshare is a portfolio company of Digital Science.

To automatically receive news releases from the American Chemical Society, contact newsroom@acs.org.

Dr. Craig Venter to give December 7, 2015 Kavli Lecture

JCV HeadshotDr. J. Craig Venter, regarded as one of the leading scientists of the 21st century for his numerous invaluable contributions to genomic research, will deliver The Fred Kavli Science at the Frontiers Lecture on Monday, December 7, at the National Geographic Society Grosvenor Auditorium at 6 p.m. The lecture, titled “Human Longevity” is sponsored by The Kavli Foundation. The lecture is free and open to the public and is hosted by the Council of Scientific Society Presidents (CSSP) in collaboration with the American Chemical Society. Dr. Venter is co-founder, executive chairman, and CEO of Human Longevity Inc, a San Diego-based genomics and cell therapy-based diagnostic and therapeutic company focused on extending the healthy, high-performance human life span. Dr. Venter will use examples to describe how linking phenotype, clinical data, and genome sequencing discoveries may be used to revolutionize medicine.  He will further describe how to develop successful collaborative strategies to partner with industry, pharmaceutics, academia, government, insurance companies and others to advance precision medicine.You may sign up for future Kavli Lectures by going to the home page of the website of the CSSP, www.sciencepresidents.org.  From there, scroll down and sign up to be notified of the Kavli Lectures.

COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY PRESIDENTS JOINS 252 GROUPS AND BUSINESS LEADERS ACROSS THE COUNTRY IN CALL TO ACTION FOR
AMERICAN “INNOVATION IMPERATIVE”

 Action follows American Academy of Arts & Sciences report, Restoring the Foundation: The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream

#InnovationImperative
www.innovationimperative.us

 

June 23, 2015 – The Council of Scientific Society Presidents today joined scores of other organizations as well as leaders of American business, industry, higher education, science, and engineering in an urgent call to action for stronger federal policies and investment to drive domestic research and development. Ten CEOs and 252 organizations signed “Innovation: An American Imperative,” a document aimed at federal decision makers and legislators. It underscores the findings—and warnings—contained in The American Academy of Arts & Sciences report, Restoring the Foundation: The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream.

The CEOs who have signed on to the effort are:

  • Samuel R. Allen, Chairman & CEO, John Deere
  • Norman R. Augustine, Co-Chair, Restoring the Foundation
  • Wes Bush, Chairman, President & CEO, Northrop Grumman
  • Kenneth C. Frazier, Chairman & CEO, Merck & Co., Inc.
  • Marillyn A. Hewson, Chairman, President, & CEO, Lockheed Martin Corporation
  • Charles O. Holliday, Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc
  • Joseph Jimenez, CEO, Novartis
  • James McNerney, Jr., Chairman of the Board & CEO, The Boeing Company
  • Satya Nadella, CEO, Microsoft
  • Jay Timmons, President and CEO, National Association of Manufacturers

According to Restoring the Foundation, “There is a deficit between what America is investing and what it should be investing to remain competitive, not only in research but in innovation and job creation.” The United States is failing to keep pace with competitor nations with regard to investments in basic research and development. America’s ascendency in the 20th century was due in large part—if not primarily—to its investments in science and engineering research. Basic research is behind every new product brought to market, every new medical device or drug, every new defense and space technology and many innovative business practices.

Over the last two decades, a steady decline in investment in research & development (R&D) in the United States has allowed our nation to fall to 10th place in R&D investment among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP).

At this pace, China will surpass the United States in R&D intensity in about eight years.

These developments led a diverse coalition of those concerned with the future of research in America to join together in presenting the Innovation Imperative to federal policy makers and urging them to take action to:

  • End sequestration’s deep cuts to federal investments in R&D
  • Make permanent a strengthened federal R&D tax credit
  • Improve student achievement in science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM)
  • Reform U.S. visa policy
  • Streamline or eliminate costly and inefficient regulations
  • Reaffirm merit-based peer review
  • Stimulate further improvements in advanced manufacturing

Details on these action items, as well as a full list of signatories, are included in the full document, which is linked above and posted on the websites of each of the following organizations:

  • American Academy of Arts & Sciences
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Association of Universities
  • Association of Public and Land-grant Universities
  • Battelle
  • Coalition for National Science Funding
  • Coalition for National Security Research
  • Council on Competitiveness
  • Energy Sciences Coalition
  • Task Force on American Innovation
  • The Science Coalition

The Council of Scientific Society Presidents is a unique organization representing the breadth of science and engineering disciplines through its member societies and federations. CSSP member societies are represented by their presidents, president-elects, and immediate past presidents whose combined membership is over 1 million.

For more information, contact:

Madeleine Jacobs, President and CEO, CSSP
Phone:   (202) 872-6310 jacobs@sciencepresidents.org

Brandi Neifert, Senior Program Associate for Operations and Member Services
Phone: (202) 872-6230 blneifert@sciencepresidents.org

ACS Journals Remain the Most Cited Journals in Chemistry

     Contact:         Michael Bernstein
202-872-6042
m_bernstein@acs.org

                  Katie Cottingham, Ph.D.
301-775-8455
k_cottingham@acs.org

 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

 ACS journals are again the most cited journals in chemistry

176 spine minimum. full size. Editor: Lingling JEM: Leslie RTP: Michael Reid

176 spine minimum. full size. Editor: Lingling JEM: Leslie
RTP: Michael Reid

WASHINGTON, June 19, 2015 — The peer-reviewed journals of the American Chemical Society are the most-cited and/or impactful scientific journals in 14 scientific categories, including six core chemistry categories, according to the 2014 Journal Citation Reports® (JCR), released on Thursday, June 18, by Thomson Reuters. The citation-based rankings underscore the depth, breadth and quality of the research published across the Society’s preeminent portfolio of journals, as well as the mission served by ACS Publications in partnership with the global community of scientists.

Seventy percent of the 44 ACS journals featured in the report had a JCR Impact Factor of 4.0 or higher, with a portfolio median of 4.762. In total, ACS journals were cited more than 2.6 million times in 2014, up from 2.4 million citations in 2013, for an increase of 8 percent. ACS journals published more than 40,000 articles in 2014, continuing the Society’s trend of 5 percent annual growth in article output.

The latest Journal Citation Reports® affirm the continued importance of ACS’ oldest and most renowned peer-reviewed journal — the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS) — as a forum for publishing essential, fundamental research. JACS recorded its highest-ever Impact Factor at 12.113, and ranks ahead of both Wiley’s Angewandte Chemie (11.261) and the Royal Society of Chemistry’s Chemical Science (9.211). JACS continues to be the Society’s flagship, as the most-cited journal in chemistry, with 489,761 total citations in 2014, up 6 percent from the prior year.

Chemical Reviews achieved its highest Impact Factor ever at 46.568, placing it No. 1 in Multidisciplinary Chemistry and No. 3 out of all 8,618 journals covered by the Journal Citation Reports®. This underscores the journal’s role as the authoritative source for comprehensive and critical reviews of important research in all areas of chemistry and related sciences, and as an essential resource for researchers in all scientific disciplines.

“These latest citation and Impact Factor results illustrate the value of ACS journals and their rightful reputation as the most influential publications of record in chemistry and related sciences. They reflect both the rigor of the editorial process and the attention with which ACS editors, themselves active research scientists, select independent reviewers who have the relevant domain expertise to evaluate the work of their peers,” said Brian Crawford, Ph.D., president of ACS Publications. “ACS is fortunate to partner with an engaged global community of editors, authors and reviewers in providing a respected and dynamic forum to communicate research advances, and is pleased to disseminate broadly discoveries of such significance and impact.”

ACS journal highlights from this year’s Journal Citation Reports® include the following:

  • ACS journals are No. 1 in Impact Factor or citations in six core chemistry categories: Analytical, Applied, Inorganic & Nuclear, Medicinal, Multidisciplinary and Organic.
  • Five of the top 10 journals in Impact Factor in the Multidisciplinary Chemistry category are from the ACS: Chemical Reviews (No. 1), Accounts of Chemical Research (No. 4), Nano Letters (No. 8), ACS Nano (No. 9) and JACS (No. 10). No other publisher is as highly represented in this category.
  • Five ACS journals are in the top 10 in Impact Factor in the Organic Chemistry category: Organic Letters (No. 4), Biomacromolecules (No. 5), The Journal of Organic Chemistry (No. 7), Bioconjugate Chemistry (No. 8) and Organometallics (No. 9). ACS is the only publisher with more than one journal in the top 10.
  • Seven ACS journals are in the top 20 in Impact Factor in the Medicinal Chemistry category: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (No. 3), ACS Chemical Neuroscience (No. 4), Journal of Natural Products (No. 7), Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (No. 9), Chemical Research in Toxicology (No. 10), ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters (No. 14) and ACS Combinatorial Science (No. 16). This notable showing is unique to ACS journals.
  • Three ACS journals are in the top four in total citations in the Nanoscience & Nanotechnology category: Nano Letters (No. 2), The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (No. 3) and ACS Nano (No. 4).
  • Sixteen ACS journals received their highest-ever Impact Factors: ACS Catalysis (9.312), ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (6.723), ACS Chemical Neuroscience (4.362), ACS Macro Letters (5.764), ACS Nano (12.881), ACS Synthetic Biology (4.978), Chemical Reviews (46.568), Crystal Growth & Design (4.891), Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2.587), Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (5.498), Journal of the American Chemical Society (12.113), The Journal of Organic Chemistry (4.721), The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (7.458), Langmuir (4.457), Nano Letters (13.592) and Organic Letters (6.364).

Four of the Society’s newer journals that achieved notable Impact Factors are:

  • ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering with an impressive debut Impact Factor of 4.642.
  • ACS Macro Letters’ Impact Factor is 5.764, up from 5.242 in 2013.
  • ACS Synthetic Biology’s Impact Factor is 4.978, up from 3.951 in 2013.
  • ACS Catalysis’ Impact Factor is 9.312, up from 7.572 in 2013.

This year’s citation and Impact Factor results reinforce the American Chemical Society’s commitment to be the most authoritative, comprehensive and indispensable provider of chemistry-related information — in keeping with the Society’s vision of improving people’s lives through the transforming power of chemistry.

For full Journal Citation Report results for ACS journals visit: http://connect.acspubs.org/jcr.

The ACS Publications Division currently publishes 47 leading peer-reviewed journals in the chemical and related sciences, including the flagship Journal of the American Chemical Society, as well as Chemical & Engineering News, the Society’s weekly newsmagazine.

The American Chemical Society is a nonprofit organization chartered by the U.S. Congress. With more than 158,000 members, ACS is the world’s largest scientific society and a global leader in providing access to chemistry-related research through its multiple databases, peer-reviewed journals and scientific conferences. Its main offices are in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, Ohio.

To automatically receive news releases from the American Chemical Society, contact newsroom@acs.org.

 

Science & Religion Lecture Monday, May 4th

The Accidental UniverseFREE PUBLIC LECTURE

The Fred Kavli Science at the Frontiers Lecture Presents:
“Science & Religion” by Dr. Alan Lightman – Physicist, MIT Professor and Author

Monday, May 4, 2015, 6-7 PM (Doors 5:30PM)
National Geographic Society Grosvenor Auditorium
(Enter on M St, between 16th and 17th Sts, NW)

Book signing to follow at 7:00PM, courtesy of Politics & Prose – Copies of Einstein’s Dreams and
The Accidental Universe will be available for purchase (credit card only)

Travel with Alan Lightman on a journey through time as he surveys selected high points in the history
of science that bear upon philosophical, theological, and ethical issues. The general trend of science
over the centuries has been to enlarge the domain of what we call the “physical universe” and to
develop a purely material and rational explanation for the phenomena of the physical universe. Dr.
Lightman then turns to religion and discusses the kinds of questions that intersect both religion and
science, versus the kinds of questions that lie firmly in one domain or the other. He discusses the
form of religious beliefs that is compatible with science, and the fact that science and religion have
different kinds of knowledge and different methods of obtaining that knowledge. Finally, Dr. Lightman
discusses his view that a “spiritual universe” exists in addition to the physical universe, although the
former does not necessarily include what we call God. This stimulating and provocative talk is based
on essays in Dr. Lightman’s recent book The Accidental Universe: The World You Thought You Knew
(Pantheon Books).

Dr. Lightman is a world-famous theoretical physicist who did seminal research in the astrophysics of black holes, radiation processes, and relativistic plasmas prior to becoming an award-winning writer. Among his
best known books are Einstein’s Dreams; The Diagnosis, a finalist for the 2000 National Book Award; and
Origins, which won the 1990 Association of American Publishers’ award for the best book on science of the
year. In 2013, his book The Accidental Universe was published to widespread acclaim, and his most recent
book, released this year, Screening Room, has received outstanding reviews. More information about Dr.
Lightman may be found at his website: http://cmsw.mit.edu/alan-lightman/.

Watch the event from your computer or smartphone: http://livestream.com/councilofscientificsocietypresidents/may2015kavli

This lecture is made possible by the Kavli Foundation, the Council of Scientific Society Presidents and the American Chemical Society.

Fun, Wonder, Importance of Light are Messages in SPIE Student Chapter IYL2015 Events

Events for International Year of Light celebrate fun, importance of science

“Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day” at the University of Texas at Austin and the building of a Goldberg machine at the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León are among the first activities presented with International Year of Light activity grants from SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. The society awarded 26 IYL grants to SPIE Student Chapters to help raise awareness of photonics in 2015.

1 April 2015

BELLINGHAM, Washington, USA – “Science can be fun” was a key message, as more than 150 fourth- and fifth-graders participated in an “Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day” at the University of Texas (UT) at Austin in February. Lessons in light-based science and technology were presented by the UT Austin SPIE Student Chapter, one of 26 SPIE Student Chapters awarded a total of $60,000 in International Year of Light activity grants by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. The IYL grants are in addition to education outreach grants the society awards annually.

The UN General Assembly proclaimed 2015 the International Year of Light to increase public and political understanding of the central role of light in the modern world and to celebrate significant scientific anniversaries occurring in 2015. A Founding Partner of the IYL, SPIE aims to promote community events and activities that highlight the critical role that light plays in our daily lives and to increase awareness of light-based technologies.

For their event, the UT at Austin chapter and the UT Women in Engineering Program arranged four interactive stations where students could learn about the basic properties of geometrical optics, LEDs, fluorescence, and ultraviolet (UV) light. A laser classroom kit and LED Light Blox sets were used to explain the basic principles of optics.

While making scratch holograms from CD jewel cases, students learned about specular holography at the first station, and basic optics principles through laser experiments and playing the Laser Game KHET.

Sorting gummy bears under different colors of light from an LED Light Blox set showed participants color is a property of light, at the second station.

The third station enabled participants to look at various sources of light using foldable spectrometers.

At the final station, extracted chlorophyll was used to demonstrate fluorescence, and participants made UV bead bracelets and drew UV “tattoos” on their hands.

Other SPIE Student Chapters have used grant funds for projects such as developing a laser maze (University of Arizona, in the United States), and building a Goldberg machine (Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León [UANL], in Mexico).

The UANL Student Chapter hosted “Week of Light” in February. In collaboration with the UANL Faculty of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, chapter members constructed a Goldberg machine [“Máquina de Goldberg FCFM UANL” video: 2:29]. Through a chain of reactions the machine illuminated black lights placed over a neon IYL logo.

Guided tours of UANL labs and fun with giant kaleidoscopes were among the week’s events. Stunning images representing the science of light, from the Light Beyond the Bulb customized displays project, introduced participants to the wonders of the solar system and the importance of light in technology and everyday life.

UANL “Week of Light” coordinator and PhD student Perla Gonzalez said the activities showed kids that science can be fun and brought mathematic equations they had learned in the classroom into real life.

The full list of chapters that will be conducting IYL outreach events this year is online: www.spie.org/x108865.xml.

About SPIE

SPIE is the international society for optics and photonics, a not-for-profit organization founded in 1955 to advance light-based technologies. The Society serves nearly 256,000 constituents from approximately 155 countries, offering conferences, continuing education, books, journals, and a digital library in support of interdisciplinary information exchange, professional networking, and patent precedent. SPIE provided more than $3.4 million in support of education and outreach programs in 2014. www.spie.org

About International Year of Light

On 20 December 2013, the UN General Assembly 68th Session proclaimed 2015 as the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies (IYL 2015). The IYL 2015 Resolution in all official languages of the UN is available here.

OVERVIEWS AND AIMS

In proclaiming an International Year focusing on the topic of light science and its applications, the UN has recognized the importance of raising global awareness about how light-based technologies promote sustainable development and provide solutions to global challenges in energy, education, agriculture and health. Light plays a vital role in our daily lives and is an imperative cross-cutting discipline of science in the 21st century. It has revolutionized medicine, opened up international communication via the Internet, and continues to be central to linking cultural, economic and political aspects of the global society.

IYL 2015 programs will promote improved public and political understanding of the central role of light in the modern world while also celebrating noteworthy anniversaries in 2015—from the first studies of optics 1,000 years ago to discoveries in optical communications that power the Internet today.

This International Year will bring together many different stakeholders including scientific societies and unions, educational institutions, technology platforms, non-profit organizations and private sector partners.

An International Year of Light is a tremendous opportunity to ensure that international policymakers and stakeholders are made aware of the problem-solving potential of light technology. We now have a unique opportunity to raise global awareness of this.

John Dudley, Chairman of the IYL 2015 Steering Committee

ORGANIZATIONS SUPPORTING IYL 2015IYL 2015 is endorsed by a number of international scientific unions and the International Council of Science, and has more than 100 partners from more than 85 countries. The International Year of Light would not be possible without our many sponsors and partners. We are extremely grateful for their support and commitment to the ideals of our mission during 2015.Founding Partners of IYL 2015 are the American Institute of Physics (AIP), the American Physical Society (APS), the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG), the European Physical Society (EPS), the Abdus Salam International Centre of Theoretical Physics (ICTP), the IEEE Photonics Society (IPS), the Institute of Physics (IOP), Light: Science and Applications, the lightsources.org International Network, 1001 Inventions, The Optical Society (OSA) and the International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE).Patron Sponsors include Bosca, Royal Philips Lighting, the International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD), Thorlabs and UL.Gold + associates include Axis Lighting, China International Optoelectronic Expo (CIOE) and International Commission on Illumination (CIE)IYL 2015 is endorsed and supported by hundreds of other sponsors and collaborating partners.IYL 2015 SECRETARIAT

The Global Secretariat is located at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy. To get involved in the International Year of Light 2015, please contact the Secretariat at light2015@ictp.it.

PARTNERSHIP AND SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

The International Year of Light will reach an audience of tens of millions of scientists, industry leaders and members of the public worldwide. Sponsorship is an exclusive opportunity to showcase your sustainability vision, strategies and practices before this world-class audience, and demonstrating your support for the aims of the International Year of Light. Sponsors include industry partners, universities, research bodies and many others seeking to create new or expand existing global partnerships. Learn how to support IYL 2015.

BEGINNING OF EVENTS

The first official event was the Opening Ceremony held at UNESCO HQ in Paris over 19-20 January 2015. This was the beginning of a year-long series of activities all over the world. On our website you can learn more about the anniversaries and themes that are the focus of 2015, you can access our calendar of events and join in with any activities planned in your country! If you wish to organize your own events, you are very welcome to post the events on the website calendar.

 

Let’s make this International Year a great success together!

Programmable Materials

Bastiaan Florijn April 2015
By Michael Lucibella

 

APS March Meeting 2015 – Physicists are finding new ways to dramatically alter the mechanical properties of a material by changing its physical form. Researchers at the March Meeting in San Antonio showed how they are developing ways to control the compressibility of elastic materials.

“We can engineer the energy absorption by engineering the structure,” said Katia Bertoldi of Harvard University.

The materials that she’s developing can dissipate the force of a collision better than naturally-structured materials can. Introducing a lattice of regular, round voids into blocks of ordinary rubber fundamentally changes how it reacts to an impact.

“I can deform it very fast or very slow, the response is going to be the same. This is not the case for most of the materials currently used,” Bertoldi said. “Another interesting feature is that it’s scale independent … I can make it very small, or I can make it very big. I can make it meter scale or I can make it nanometer scale.”

When compressed, the block’s normally-round cavities abruptly collapse into horizontally- or vertically-aligned ovals. This rapid switching helps to dissipate the impact, but serves also as a way to design customized materials with different compliances.

Bertoldi showed an example in which a truss-shaped structure collapsed down after a threshold of force was applied. An egg cushioned by the truss was intact after a two-foot drop, a feat that a solid block couldn’t perform.

Bastiaan Florijn of Leiden University added another variable to the mechanical programming of materials. He too is working with blocks of elastomers with circular holes, and he found a way to further customize how they behave. He placed pins on the side of the blocks to control which holes compress and in what direction.

“It’s just a slab of rubber with holes of different sizes,” Florijn said. “We use just these simple clamps on the side of the matter to confine the compression in the horizontal direction.”

Like Bertoldi’s egg demonstration, the material stays rigid until it encounters a threshold level of force and then collapses down abruptly, dissipating much of the impact in the process. The pins along the block’s sides program how much that threshold force is.

“Just by changing the confinement in the horizontal direction, we can change the mechanical response,” Florijn said. “We don’t need to have a lot of different materials, [you] can use just one material and get all of this very exotic behavior out of it.”

Moreover, this process is reversible. Even after a crushing collision, pulling on the elastomer block will pop it back into its original shape, with its original properties unchanged. “Our system is still intact, and our system is still elastic,” Florijn said. “We can, for example, imagine using this material to make a car bumper.”

Using pins to control the flexible structure’s deformation is an early step towards designing truly programmable mechanics into materials. Already Florijn and his team are working on designing a three-dimensional material that can crush down from any direction.

Related Information

Abstract: Harnessing Snap-through Instability for Shape-recoverable Energy-absorbing Structure
Abstract: Holey Sheet! A Programmable Mechanical Metamaterial

Republished with permission from the American Physical Society 

Manufacturing Revolution May Mean Trouble for National Security

3D CarApril 2015
By Michael Lucibella

Photo: DOE/Local Motors
The world’s first 3D-printed car is an example of the dramatic changes in manufacturing.

APS March Meeting 2015, San Antonio — Additive manufacturing, more popularly known as 3D printing, could be the future of industrial manufacturing while possibly undercutting national security, experts said at the APS March Meeting 2015. This technology was the central focus of several of the industrial physics sessions, highlighting both its commercial promise as well as its policy implications. “The early promise of the technology has been demonstrated,” said Prabhjot Singh, manager of General Electric’s Additive Manufacturing Lab.

But the same aspects that make the technology enticing for industry — its flexibility, low cost, minimal waste, and small footprint — make it potentially dangerous for global security. The streamlined manufacturing processes that can print a car’s exhaust manifold can just as easily be used to surreptitiously manufacture weapons, researchers warn.

“This is an emergent, latent, and disruptive technology for issues related to national security,” said Bruce Goodwin, associate director at large for national security policy and research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. “All by itself, additive manufacturing changes everything, including defense matters.”

Additive manufacturing is a general term for a range of technologies that stack thin layers to produce an object. Though there are a variety of methods, generally a nozzle scans a surface, following instructions in a 3D “build” file, and squirts out a micron-thick filament as it builds up the object. Plastics were some of the first materials available, but recent developments opened up the process to a range of metals and ceramics as well.

In contrast, traditional subtractive manufacturing uses computer-controlled machines to carve a part out of a raw form. By working from the ground up, additive manufacturing can build solid shapes that were impossible with older manufacturing methods, while almost totally eliminating waste.

Though originally promoted as a means for rapidly prototyping products, 3D-printers are now producing the products themselves. Enterprises both large and small are now directly marketing 3D-printed products to consumers.

One of the fastest growing markets is fulfilling orders for obscure parts that would have been uneconomical to mass-produce using traditional machining. “[The] worldwide prototyping market is limited, but the important thing is manufacturing,” said Michael Cima of MIT. “The entire system was commercialized because there was a quick way to make a few key parts.”

With some improvement, the largely-automated technology promises to shrink the footprint of manufacturing. Entire machine shops staffed by a multitude of specialists could be reduced to a couple of machines overseen by a few technicians. General Electric is aggressively pushing the technology into its manufacturing lines. “We are taking the leap into industrial additive manufacturing,” Singh said. “We are starting three new facilities for the industrial use of these materials.”

Medical applications are also just starting to appear. Creating custom implants and prosthetics for patients could potentially revolutionize medical treatments. Such 3D-printed body parts are subject to the same U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations as devices manufactured through traditional means. Already more than 70 applications have been approved, including skull plates, spinal trusses, and even whole jawbone replacements.

The portability of smaller 3D printers, some not much bigger than a microwave oven, could help bring advanced treatments to areas underserved by the healthcare system. “Think of what that might mean for mobile hospitals, for example,” said Katherine Vorvolakos, a chemical engineer at the FDA. “Production can conceivably happen anywhere.”

However, experts caution that shrinking the footprint of manufacturing has a dark side, one with potentially global ramifications. “The downside to all of this is that it could dramatically increase [nuclear] proliferation and make it harder to detect,” Goodwin said.

Nonproliferation monitors have long used the large scale of the nuclear weapons industry to track proliferation around the world. Not only do the nuclear facilities themselves take up large areas and resources, but the manufacturing efforts to build bomb parts do as well. “Waste stream elimination eliminates one of the major indicators and warnings of proliferation,” Goodwin added.

The promise of additive manufacturing also includes the peril of easy-to-make weapons, as illustrated by this 3D-printed rocket engine.

Advances in metal printing techniques like direct-metal-laser sintering could be used to fabricate a variety of weapons. Goodwin highlighted an instance where he downloaded from the Web the build file for an unnamed part to a nuclear reactor and printed it out. Using traditional fabrication methods, the part would have required 168 welds and several months of work to set up an assembly line. “We made that part out of stainless steel in about four hours,” Goodwin said. “In 15 years, this will be a nightmare.”

This has significant implications for the control of conventional weapons as well. 3D-printed handguns have made headlines already, but Goodwin said that the problem could be bigger. General Electric routinely prints aerospace-grade components for jet engines, a technology that could potentially be adopted to produce the parts to build whole jet fighter planes.

He added that digital build files, the essential data telling printers how to construct an object, shifts the problem of import control into the cyber realm, an altogether more complicated paradigm. It is difficult to completely stem the flow of digital information, potentially making it easier for an unfriendly country to simply produce a product itself in order to circumvent restrictions on the importation of banned technology, such as parts for nuclear weapons.

“The downside of this is that it could essentially eliminate the use of trade sanctions for foreign policy,” Goodwin said.

So far, no one has demonstrated a way to 3D-print fissile materials, but it’s likely there are no fundamental barriers to building a device that prints uranium or plutonium. International controls of such materials have so far prevented anyone from developing such techniques.

“Controlling the materials is the most important thing,” Goodwin said. “[But], I think you have to assume that any system of control is going to break down.”

Related Information
Abstract: Additive Manufacturing and High-Performance Computing: a Disruptive Latent Technology
Abstract: Historical Overview of 3-D Printing: Do inventors know what they are doing?
Abstract: Additive Manufacturing and Medical Devices: Case studies, Technical Concerns and Research

Republished with permission from the American Physical Society

Soil Science Society of America Celebrating 2015 International Year of Soils

IYS LogoSociety will focus on educating the public about this precious natural resource

Dec. 5, 2014–The Global Soil Partnership (GSP) at the Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has declared 2015 the International Year of Soils. In celebration, the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) is coordinating a series of activities throughout 2015 to educate the public about the importance of this precious natural resource.

“When GSP recognized the urgent need to raise awareness and promote sustainability of our limited soil resources by designating 2015 International Year of Soils, we knew this was our opportunity to make an impact with the public,” says David Lindbo, past president of SSSA, and a professor of soil science at NC State University. “Soil—like air, water and sunlight—is one of the natural resources necessary for life,” says Lindbo. “By telling the story of what soil does for us as humans, we hope to increase the respect humans give back to soil, to protect it for future generations.”

SSSA’s 6,000+ members are being encouraged to interact with the public with a series of 12 monthly messages throughout the year. If you would like an SSSA member to speak to your audience (schools, community groups, gardening groups, etc.) please fill out the Ask a Scientist form at www.soils4teachers.org/ask. In addition, SSSA members have created materials for educators to teach to the K-12 audience. All materials can be found at soils.org/iys starting on January 1st and will be updated throughout 2015.

The twelve monthly themes developed by SSSA are:

  • January – Soils sustain life
  • February – Soils support urban life
  • March – Soils support agriculture
  • April – Soils clean and capture water
  • May – Soils support buildings/infrastructure
  • June – Soils support recreation
  • July – Soils are living
  • August – Soils support health
  • September – Soils protect the natural environment
  • October – Soils and products we use
  • November – Soil and climate
  • December – Soils, Culture, and People

As part of their celebration of IYS, SSSA is developing a series of 12 two-minute educational videos. They are working in conjunction with Jim Toomey, who has worked with the UN in the past. He also authors the environmental cartoon, Sherman’s Lagoon. January’s Soils Sustain Life video will be shown during the UN’s International Year of Soils celebration on Dec. 5th in New York City, and can be seen here https://www.soils.org/iys/monthly-videos.

The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) is a progressive international scientific society that fosters the transfer of knowledge and practices to sustain global soils. Based in Madison, WI, and founded in 1936, SSSA is the professional home for 6,000+ members and 1,000+ certified professionals dedicated to advancing the field of soil science. The Society provides information about soils in relation to crop production, environmental quality, ecosystem sustainability, bioremediation, waste management, recycling, and wise land use.

Follow SSSA on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/SSSA.soils, Twitter at SSSA_Soils. SSSA also has a blog, Soils Matter, at http://soilsmatter.wordpress.com/. Additional soils information is on www.soils.org/discover-soils, for teachers at www.soils4teachers.org, and for students through 12th grade, www.soils4kids.org.

ASLO 2015

ASLO Award 2015Each year, the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) honors a select few scientists for their exceptional work in advancing the fields of limnology and oceanography. We are pleased to announce the recipients of the 2015 ASLO Awards.

The G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award honoring a scientist who has made considerable contributions to knowledge in limnology and oceanography, and whose future work promises a continuing legacy of scientific excellence is being presented to Craig Carlson, Professor and Chair of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara.

The Raymond L. Lindeman Award honoring a young author for an outstanding peer-reviewed, English-language paper in the aquatic sciences is being presented to Hilary G. Close, Assistant Researcher, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawai’i at Manoa.

The Ramón Margalef Award for Excellence in Education honoring excellence in teaching and mentoring in the fields of limnology and oceanography is being presented to Marianne V. Moore, Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts.

The John H. Martin Award honoring the author of a paper which has had a long-lasting impact on research in the aquatic sciences is being presented to Stephen R. Carpenter, Director of the Center for Limnology and Stephen Alfred Forbes Professor of Zoology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
The Alfred C. Redfield Lifetime Achievement Award honoring the career achievements of an aquatic scientist for his important and influential work in the field is being presented to David W. Schindler, Killam Memorial Chair and Emeritus Professor of Ecology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton.
The Ruth Patrick Award honoring a scientist who has applied the aquatic sciences towards solving critical environmental problems is being presented to James Cloern, Senior Research Scientist, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California.
The Yentsch-Schindler Early Career Award honoring an early career scientist for outstanding and balanced contributions to research, science training, and broader societal issues such as resource management, conservation, policy, and public education is being presented to Matt Church, Associate Professor, Department of Oceanography, University of Hawai’i at Manoa.
More information about the awardees is available online at http://aslo.org/awards/2015/index.html.

ASLO is an international aquatic science society that was founded in 1948. For more than 60 years, it has been the leading professional organization for researchers and educators in the field of aquatic science. The purpose of ASLO is to foster a diverse, international scientific community that creates, integrates and communicates knowledge across the full spectrum of aquatic sciences, advances public awareness and education about aquatic resources and research, and promotes scientific stewardship of aquatic resources for the public interest. Its products and activities are directed toward these ends. With more than 3,500 members worldwide, the society has earned an outstanding reputation and is best known for its journals, interdisciplinary meetings, and special symposia. For more information about ASLO, please visit our website at www.ASLO.org.

Coolbean E-book Released For Kids

SoybeaCoolbean the Soybeanns are cool. That’s the message of Coolbean the Soybean, now available as an interactive book for grades 3-5.
Author Shawn Conley is an agronomy professor and the Soybean and Wheat Extension Specialist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. “I wanted to develop a fun, yet educational, tool to help teach today’s youth about where food comes from, career opportunities in agriculture, and explain why soybeans are so important, not only here in the US, but around  the world,” says Conley. “My daughters were the main reason for writing this book, but I also remember being inspired at an early age by my first and second grade teacher, Mrs. Swiggum. Hopefully this book can help inspire the next generation of agricultural scientists.”
Previously released as a traditional graphic children’s book, Coolbean the Soybean transformed to an e-book in response to a generation of “digital native” students who want educational texts in a friendly format.
“We wanted to make it welcoming and accessible to boys and girls alike, and not intimidating,” says Lisa Al-Amoodi, managing editor. “The narration helps kids who may have a range of reading abilities.”
The book follows the life of Coolbean the Soybean to help children learn about agronomic, crop and soil sciences. Along the way, Coolbean explains modern farming techniques, how a seed becomes a plant and then produces a crop. The book tells the story of how soil, sunshine, and water affect the growth of the plant.
Coolbean’s content intentionally follows Next Generation science standards. “We chose to follow the format of the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) graphic novels and comics because it’s a style that kids are very comfortable with,” says Al-Amoodi. “It also allowed us to package a lot of nonfiction science content into a cool story about a soybean.”
New to the e-book is a special feature that encourages kids to think like a scientist. “It’s more than just reading,” Al-Amoodi says. “It’s helping kids understand what it’s like to ask scientific questions.” The e-book also includes videos of farm equipment at work in the field, links to further activities, and a friendly quiz to test comprehension.
“It is critical to get kids actively involved and excited about science at an early age,“ Conley says. “Coolbean the Soybean is a great vehicle to start that journey!”
Coolbean the Soybean is available online at http://www.coolbeanthesoybean.org/. Check your device for compatibility with the epub3 format, supported on iBooks and some Android readers.
The book is published jointly by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and the Soil Science Society of America in partnership with the Wisconsin Soybean Marketing Board

Thomas T. Noguchi Receives the AAFS R.B.H. Gradwohl Medallion

Dr. Thomas NNoguchi wins Grandwohl Medallionoguchi has served the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and the forensic science community faithfully for more than 50 years. Born in Fukuoka-City, Japan in 1927, Dr. Noguchi graduated from Tokyo’s Nippon Medical School in 1951. The son of a doctor, he immigrated to the United States in 1952 where he interned at Orange County General Hospital. A series of residencies at Loma Linda University School of Medicine and Barlow Sanatorium in Los Angeles led to an appointment as a deputy coroner for Los Angeles County in 1961. In 1967, he became the county’s chief medical examiner. It was in this role that Dr. Noguchi came to public attention for a series of autopsies and investigations he either performed or supervised, including the deaths of Marilyn Monroe, Robert F. Kennedy, Sharon Tate, Janis Joplin, William Holden, Natalie Wood, John Belushi, and many more.

Dr. Noguchi’s 15 years as the chief medical examiner for Los Angeles County earned him the nickname of “Coroner to the Stars.” He stepped down as chief coroner in 1982 but continued to work with the county, finally retiring in 1999. He was honored that same year by the Emperor of Japan who awarded him the Order of the Sacred Treasures for “outstanding contribution to Japan in the area of forensic science.” He was later appointed Chief of Pathology at the University of Southern California and then as Administrative Pathologist for Anatomic Pathology services at the USC Medical Center.

Dr. Noguchi has been appointed Professor by both the University of Southern California and by UCLA. He is a Past President of the California State Coroners Association and the National Association of Medical Examiners (NAME). His service has continued as an Advisor to International Societies such as The International Journal of Legal Medicine, published by the Japanese Society of Legal Medicine, and The Journal of Medical Law.

Dr. Noguchi’s recent honors include recipient of NAME’s most prestigious award, the Milton Helpern Medal in 2005; the AAFS Distinguished Fellow Award in 2007; the Los Angeles Society of Pathologists Lifetime Service Award in 2008; and NAME’s Lifetime Achievement Award in 2014.

As an author and researcher, Dr. Noguchi has published more than 65 papers on a wide range of subjects in forensic pathology and toxicology as well as medical law. He has published in numerous peer review journals, and has authored several chapters in forensic books and many other publications. Over the course of his career, Dr. Noguchi has authored or co-authored a number of fiction and non-fiction books. Among these are Coroner, a best selling memoir written with Joseph DiMona, and Coroner at Large, both published in the 1980s; and Death Investigation, published in 1996 in Japanese.

Dr. Noguchi was elected into the AAFS membership of the Pathology/Biology Section as a Provisional Member in 1962 and as a Fellow in 1965. He served as Section Secretary in 1966-67 and as Section Chair in 1967-68. Dr. Noguchi was appointed to serve as the AAFS International Liaison by the Board of Directors in 2000, and he has continued to serve on the International Affairs Committee to this day. Dr. Noguchi has introduced numerous international forensic science dignitaries to the Academy and has promoted the Academy’s reputation as the premiere forensic science organization throughout the world.

Congratulations to Dr. Thomas Noguchi, the Academy’s 14th Gradwohl Laureate!

ACS Central Science

ACS Central ScienceACS Central Science is a groundbreaking new multidisciplinary journal from the American Chemical Society (ACS).

This open access, peer-reviewed journal publishes exceptional research across a broad swath of chemistry and allied fields. The founding editor-in-chief, Professor Carolyn Bertozzi, is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at UC Berkeley (she assumes a new faculty position at Stanford in June). A renowned chemical biologist, Bertozzi outlined her vision for the journal in the inaugural issue. She believes passionately that “chemistry is the central science to the public at large” and aims to highlight myriad connections between chemistry and other areas of science and technology. This vision she further highlights in a video in which she discusses both her research and the story behind ACS Central Science.

The term “central science” was popularized almost 40 years ago in a prevalent chemistry textbook; as the name implies, chemistry underpins so much of modern science, from astrophysics to nanotechnology, neuroscience and the life sciences, that it truly is “the central science.”

ACS Central Science is the first fully open access journal published by the ACS, part of an ambitious program unveiled by the Society in 2014. Not only is the content free to read—free of subscription charges or paywalls—but the ACS is also waiving all publishing charges. With no cost to accepted authors, the journal takes open access to another level. In addition to exceptional research content, the journal also features a rich variety of accessible news stories and interviews (produced in conjunction with Chemical & Engineering News) and topical commentaries authored by researchers to help expand readership.

The journal launched in March 2015 and will publish approximately 12-15 research articles per month. These papers represent a stringently reviewed selection of outstanding work across the chemical enterprise, focusing particularly on interdisciplinary research. Behind this selection process, five senior editors and an extraordinary group of more than 70 editorial advisors from around the world, all of who represent various facets of chemistry research, join Bertozzi.

For ACS, the goal is to establish ACS Central Science as one of the world’s premier journals that will not only appeal to existing ACS members as a forum for their best work but also to scientists in many other tangential areas whose work interfaces with the chemistry community.

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